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Crops and Description

India has made a good progress on the Horticultural Map of the world with a total annual production of the horticultural crops touching over 270 million tonnes. India has been bestowed with a wide range of climates and physic-geographical conditions and as such is most suitable for growing various kinds of horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, flowers, nuts, spices and plantation crops (coconut, cashew nut and cocoa).

With the focussed attention given to horticulture, there has been a spectacular change in terms of adoption of new technologies, production and availability of horticultural products. India today is the second largest producer of fruits (87.2 million tonnes) and vegetables (158.1 million tonnes) in the world, contributing 13.69 and 14.29% of the total world production of fruits and vegetables respectively. The availability of flowers has increased significantly in all major cities in the country. India has a good opportunity of growing of medicinal and aromatic plants. It is largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices. It ranks first in the total production of coconut and areca nut and is the largest producer, processor, consumer and exporter of cashew nut in the world. There have been situations of gluts due to high production of several important horticultural crops in the country. Thus, the efforts of NHRDF have helped India in heralding the Golden Revolution.